UNICEF defined Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) as management of hygiene associated with the menstrual process. WHO and UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene has used the following definition of MHM: ‘Women and adolescent girls are using a clean menstrual management material to absorb or collect menstrual blood, that can be changed in privacy as often as necessary for the duration of a menstrual period, using soap and water for washing the body as required, and having access to safe and convenient facilities to dispose of used menstrual management materials. They understand the basic facts linked to the menstrual cycle and how to manage it with dignity and without discomfort or fear. UNICEF has estimated that;

"roughly 1 in 10 girls in Africa miss school because of their periods each year".

Most communities in Africa especially those in coastal areas lack access to menstrual hygiene materials such as water, sanitary towels, private space and lack of proper education on hygiene management and disposal of menstrual materials.